Mausoleum Zhanys

Object name and date: Zhanys mausoleum, 19th century

Location: Aktobe region, Irgiz district, 20 km west-south-west of the village. Zhana-Kurylys.

Description: an octahedral centric mausoleum with a rectangular entrance opening in the southwestern edge. Compositionally, the monument is a well-defined octahedron, on which the 41-sided and 8-sided drums rest in succession, completed with a pyramidal dome with a gentle rise of the sides.

The walls of the mausoleum, laid out of baked bricks on clay mortar, are based on a two-stage plinth, extended 10 cm beyond the line of the walls. No foundation found. In some places in the masonry massifs, especially in the upper part of the octahedron, adobe brick was used.

The interior of the mausoleum is accessed by a rectangular through opening covered with arched beams with reed lining over them. The floor of the interior is considerably recessed in comparison with the front part of the entrance, due to the burials made outside. The walls are also octahedral from the inside up to the level of the panel, above which the bar heels of the arched sail openings are installed. The transition to the circle of the dome is made here by a three-tiered system of openings-sails and cellular trumpets.

The dome masonry is radially wedged. There are four graves on the floor of the chamber, two of which are with tombstones of the type of raw sagan, and two are covered with reed mats.

2009-2011 Zhanys’s mausoleum was restored.