Petroglyphs of the Toleubulak cave

Name of the monument: Petroglyphs of the Toleubulak cave

Typological affiliation: sacred object

Dating of the monument: Mesolithic – Neolithic

Location of the monument: Aktobe region, Mugalzhar district, 13 km north- east of the Bulakty village , 1.5 km north of the Toleubulak wintering site 

Historical information: The monument was first studied in 1984 by the Aktobe expedition of the Society for the Protection of Historical and Cultural Monuments of the Kazakh SSR (headed by SI Azhigali). In the book of the ethnologist, archaeologist, doctor of historical sciences, professor, corresponding member of the International Academy of Architecture S.I. Azhigali “Kazakh kiiz uyi”, published in London, the mausoleum was given the following definition “one of the mausoleums preserved in the Kazakh steppe in the form of an octagonal yurt.”

Description and characteristics of the monument: an octahedral domed mausoleum in plan, folded with a combined masonry of burnt (outer parts of the walls) and adobe bricks on clay mortar. There is no foundation. On the base of the building, which has a slight slope, rests a 17-sided drum, turning into a sphero-conical dome. The entrance to the mausoleum is arranged in the form of a vestibule with a window on the axis of the inner opening into the chamber. The latter is square in plan and covered with a radial-wedge dome with deep angular trumpets. The walls of the interior are decorated with deep lancet niches, all internal surfaces are plastered with clay-adobe mortar. On the floor of the burial chamber there are depressions from two burials.

The mausoleum of Karagul-tama was restored in 2007-2009.