Zhalimbet Batyr mausoleum

Name of the monument: Zhalimbet Batyr mausoleum

Typological affiliation: sacred object

Dating of the monument: XIX century

Location of the monument: Aktobe region,   Mugalzhar district, 10 km east-north-east of the village of Zhanazhol

Historical information: Zhalimbet batyr lived in the 18th century, was a comrade-in-arms of Kotibar batyr Basenuly and fought against the royal power.

There is a legend among the people about Zhalimbet batyr: “Zhalimbet batyr had a mane on his back. In the spring, despite the high water, he swam along the Kumzhargan River back and forth, pushing the melting ice with his hands. Steam emanated from the body of Zhalimbet batyr, and the ice adhered to the mane melted. Batyr was very strong, courageous, warlike. There were times when he walked almost naked”.

Zhalimbet batyr was also a brave, far-sighted person who called on the Kazakhs, united to resist the enemy.

In wartime, a group of horsemen led by Baldygul and Basygul from the Uak clan, who had migrated from the Middle Zhuz, drove past the village of Zhalimbet batyr.   Rural horsemen wanted to take away their horses, but they were frightened by the menacing look of Baldygul and Basygul. Hearing this, Zhalimbet appeased his horsemen, and also invited Baldygul and Basygul to visit. From them he learned that they suffered from the raids of enemies, as well as the oppression of the tsarist army.

Zhalimbet invited Baldygul to stay in his village permanently, and also promised to provide support in hostilities. So they all remained in the lands of the Nazar clan. Subsequently, Zhalimbet married his daughter Kamka to Baldygul. Basygul remained to live in the lands of the Saugabaev clan Nazar.

Description and characteristics of the monument: a portal-domed mausoleum, rectangular in plan, built of burnt bricks, adobe bricks on a foundation of household stone on mortar. The pylons have been preserved from the portal located on the southern facade. The skeleton of the building has developed corner structures, which are deep niches with conchs, which form independent chambers from the outside. A low wide drum with a dome of true masonry, which has a rather wide span, is also characteristic. Deep lancet niches are also arranged in the walls of the interior between the corner niches. The surface of the chamber was plastered and whitewashed; the soffits of the arches of the niches retained traces of the ornamental coloring of plant and geometric motifs in yellow and black paint.