Asan-Kozha necropolis

Object name and date: Asan-Kozha necropolis. XVII – early XX centuries

Location: Aktobe region, Bayganinsky district, 43 km west-south-west of the village. Oymout.

Description: one of the largest Kazakh necropolises of modern times of the river valley. Zhem (Emba), located on the left steep bank. This is a medium-sized complex, full of various grave structures (a total of 264 objects were recorded). Among them are mausoleums made of chalk limestone, saganatams made of sawn blocks, fences made of limestone and mud bricks, sandyktasy, kulpytasy, “koitasy”. In most cases, kulpytas were installed in combination with other monuments. A group of saganatams stands out, among which objects 13 and 164 are magnificent in terms of architectural and artistic solution – monuments of the early XX century, in which a complex composition and decor are harmoniously linked with a cult purpose. Sandyktas, located in the western part of the beyite, is interesting for its relict form. A small group is made up of kulpytas with koitases, among which there are both archaic and new, with a clear division into volumes and a delicate execution of carving. On the western edges of the kulpytases, there are mainly Arabic inscriptions in the Kazakh language, accompanied by tamgas. Most of the structures of the necropolis are characterized by a high technique of carving (filing, teska, flat-relief and volumetric elaboration of details).