The name of the monument: the mausoleum of Almaty sardar a Tobabergenuly
Typological affiliation: sacred object
Dating of the monument: ХІХ ғ.
Location of the monument: Irgiz region , 20 km southeast of the Irgiz village.
Historical information: A remarkable monument of Kazakh architecture of the 19th century, distinguished by its original compositional and planning solutions and decor. Kulyptas is important as an epigraphic monument. The monument was first examined by an architectural and art expedition of the Center for the Protection of Historical and Cultural Monuments of the Kazakh SSR in 1983 The mausoleum was built as a family tomb of the famous figure of the 19th century of the Irgiz steppe Almat Tobabergenuly and his sons (Toremurat, Makmurat, Kosmurat, Pirmakhan) in 1886-1888, by a craftsman named Zhyga. The mausoleum was built during the life of Almat Tobabergenuly. Almaty Tobabergenuly (1805-1897) – Kazakh buy-rich man. From an early age, he actively participated in the Caravan trade between Russia (Orenburg) and Bukhara, studied Russian. Until 1868 he was the head of the 54th administrative distance. In the Russian army he received the rank of cornet. The people named him Sardar. Along with resolving various conflicts between ordinary people, he took part in the work of the Orenburg border commission. Almaty gave his knowledge and experience to improve the culture, improve the living conditions of his nomadic people. He protected them from the arbitrariness of the Russian administration. Work in this direction coincided with the transition to the semi-settlement of Kazakhs. Almaty paid special attention to the construction of winter quarters, construction of houses, preparation for winter. For its part, several wooden and brick buildings were built in Yrgyz. Write a special letter to the Orenburg Governor-General (9.1.1866), the Kazakhs were helped by farming. One of his sons, Samurat Almatovich (1842-1922), worked for many years as an assistant to the head of the Irgiz district, as a volost governor of the Kenzhegarinsky volost, was awarded a gold medal in honor of the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty. Almaty was buried in the ancestral cemetery 22 km southeast of the city of Irgiz, Aktobe region. The descendants erected a dome on his grave. Almaty was buried in the ancestral cemetery 22 km southeast of the city of Irgiz, Aktobe region. The descendants erected a dome on his grave. Almaty was buried in the ancestral cemetery 22 km southeast of the city of Irgiz, Aktobe region. The descendants erected a dome on his grave.
Description and characteristics of the monument: Rectangular in plan (12.70х12.10), a multi-chamber structure with a complex structure. It consists of 7 rooms with a total area of 154 m 2 , which are located in the northwestern, northeastern and southeastern parts of the mausoleum and have a round shape. The mausoleum is built of adobe bricks without a foundation , and is lined with burnt bricks on both sides. The southwestern wall is divided into 3 parts, decorated with figured masonry. The entrance to the mausoleum, arranged in the right corner of the northwestern facade, is a vaulted corridor along the southwestern wall and leads to an intermediate chamber, from which it turns to the right into the central, rounded plan, chamber. The central chamber opens with arched low openings into 5 more adjacent chambers, with tombstones for the deceased… All chambers were covered with domes. All chambers (apart from the intermediate one) have burial vaults, overlapped by beams. The frieze of the central hall is decorated with decorative belts, between which, in the metopes, wonderful garnets with stamped ornaments are arranged. The surface of the frieze is plastered and whitewashed. The structure of the walls themselves is characteristic, the inner mass of which is lined with raw bricks and faced with burnt bricks on both sides. The monument is also decorated from outside. The preserved height of the mausoleum is 6.50 m.