Maulimberdi necropolis

Monument name: Maulimberdi necropolis

Typological affiliation: sacred object

The dating of the monument: Early Iron Age – to the midpoints s of the twentieth century.

Location of the monument: Aktobe region, Temir district, 4.6 km south-south-east of the village of Kenkiyak.

Historical information: According to the stories, Saint Maulimberdi, the son of Asan Kaigy, who lived approximately in the XV-XVI centuries, was buried at this place. Therefore, this territory, where people were buried for several centuries, was called a saint. The appearance of the necropolis is associated with the Nogai, who at the beginning of the 17th century, before the raid of the Kalmyks-Torgauts, extended an irrigation system from the Temir River. According to the stories of 75-year-old aksakal Bolysbayuly Mendykul from the village of Sarykol, at the end of the 50s of the last century in this necropolis there were many monuments in the form of bulk hills, but many of them were leveled to the ground. According to oral sources, the medieval city of Kyzylkala was located near the necropolis.

This area is named after Maulimberdi, who lived in the Nogai era in the   15th century. The Kelimberdi necropolis is located 6 kilometers from this place. According to folklore in this region, in the place where Temir flows into Zhem there was Asan Kaigy’s winter quarters and summer camp. Maulimberdi and Kelimberdi are called saints of the Nogai clan. In this regard, it can be assumed that these saints were well-known personalities among the Nogays of the Zhem River valley, who lived in the 15th-16th centuries in the Nogai-Kazakh era.

Description and characteristics of the monument: the necropolis is located on the right bank of the Temir River, includes medieval mazars, the tombs of Kazakhs of the 18th – mid-20th centuries, as well as archaeologicalmoundsof the early Iron Age.