Mausoleum of Arystan batyr Tinaliuly

Type of monument: Sacral object

Date of monument: 2005

Location: Aktobe region, Shalkar district, 13 km south-south-west of Shalkar town

Research: There are materials about Arystan batyr in the books “Ayanbai zhaumen alyskan” and “Karabas Batyrdyn urpaktary” of T.Tolepbergen, as well as in the book “Encyclopedia of Shalkar”.

Brief description: The tomb of the national hero and a prominent representative of the national liberation uprising of XVIII-XIX centuries, the hero Arystan Tinaliuly is located 13 km south of Shalkar town in Akshi area, the necropolis called “necropolis of Arystan”. The tomb itself is located in the western part of Saryzhygan hill, which was formerly called Sasykkuduk.

The research of the burial place of Arystan batyr revealed that the mausoleum was 9 metres long and 5 metres wide, built of burnt bricks, probably had a large dome and consisted of two rooms. In 2005 the dome-shaped mausoleum of batyr was restored.

Legend: Arystan batyr Tinaliuly is one of the activists of the liberation uprising of XVIII-XIX centuries, recognized by the Russian government as a “steppe knight”, grandnephew of Kotibar Basenuly, his brother-in-arms and adviser.

Narratives and historical documents prove that Arystan participated and played a major role in the liberation struggle of the Kazakh people. Together with his brother Kotibar, Arystan several times appealed to the tsarist government to solve the problem of stopping the construction of military fortifications on the territory of Junior Juz and alienation of pastures from the people. Having failed to resolve this problem, Arystan revolted. Rebels make raids on Russian-Cossack fortifications located along the Ural, Or and Zhem rivers.

According to archival data, Kotibar and Arystan in the summer of 1787 with a detachment of over 800 men joined the movement of Syrym Datov, participating in an uprising to the end. After the suppression of the uprising, they still continued to resist the Tsarist government. On March 31, 1797 the ataman of the Ural Cossacks, Major-General D. Donskov in his report on the murder of Essim Khan wrote about the participation of about 100 soldiers of the Shekty family clan. 

Arystan batyr had a powerful physique. According to the elders, there is a legend that when Arystan batyr on the horse drew the bowstring, his right leg touched the ground.