Mausoleum of Burshakbai-tama

Name of the monument: Mausoleum of Burshakbai-tama

Typological affiliation: urban planning and architecture.

Dating of the monument: 1867.

Location of the monument: Aktobe region, Aytekebi district, 5 km. north-north-east of the village of Karabutak.

Historical information: The monument was first surveyed by the West Kazakhstan ethnographic expedition of the I.I. Ch. Valikhanov of the Academy of Sciences of the Kazakh SSR in 1987 under the leadership of SI Azhigaliev. The mausoleum was built over the grave of Burshakbai from the Tortkara clan – kulaman by Kazakh master builders from the Kazaly region (Kazalinsk). The monument characterizes a special variety of Kazakh mausoleums of the 2nd half of the 19th century, in the appearance of which the influence of elements of stationary housing construction was reflected. It is important as well as a monument of stone-cutting art and epigraphy.

Description and characteristics of the monument: Sub-square in plan (9.50 x 9.50) centric mausoleum with a pyramidal 4-sided dome, oriented by a vaulted entrance to the south-southeast (20ยบ). The entrance part was originally formed by a small protruding portal, and the corners of the structure’s frame were tower-like volumes. Judging by the nature of the floats (clear vertical protrusions), the walls of the building originally had a corrugated surface. The base of the structure, with a clear ledge, turns into a similar squat middle volume (like a drum) on which a 4-slope ceiling rests. It is laid out using the false vault technique; in the western and eastern faces of the pyramid of the dome, there are light windows with plank lintels. In the interior, the lower part of the walls is framed by shallow niches with a hemispherical end (three on each wall). On the floor of the chamber, there are remains of a stepped tombstone made of raw bricks of the “Sakhana” type, elongated along the west-south-west – east-north-east axis. Kulpytas is installed on the same lines outside the western wall. The walls of the mausoleum, resting on an insignificant clay platform, are built (like the dome part) of adobe bricks with a small admixture of adobe (7-8 x 17-18 x 34-35 cm). The highest preserved height of the monument is 5.20 m. Kulpytas, installed at a distance from the mausoleum, belongs to the sculptural and decorative variety of multi-tiered Kazakh steles. built (like the domed part) of adobe bricks with a small admixture of adobe (7-8 x 17-18 x 34-35 cm.). The highest preserved height of the monument is 5.20 m. Kulpytas, installed at a distance from the mausoleum, belongs to the sculptural and decorative variety of multi-tiered Kazakh steles. built (like the domed part) of adobe bricks with a small admixture of adobe (7-8 x 17-18 x 34-35 cm.). The highest preserved height of the monument is 5.20 m. Kulpytas, installed at a distance from the mausoleum, belongs to the sculptural and decorative variety of multi-tiered Kazakh steles.