Mausoleum of Kali (Kart) -tama

The name of the monument: Mausoleum of Kali (Kart) -tama.

Typological affiliation: urban planning and architecture.

Dating of the monument: Late 19th – early 20th centuries.

Location of the monument: Aktobe region, Aytekebi district, 20 km. east of the Taldyk village, the right bank of the Uly-Taldyk river.

Historical information: The monument was recorded by the expedition of the Scientific Research Center “Kazrestavratsia” of the Ministry of Culture of the Kazakh SSR in 1990. It was examined for the purpose of certification by the expedition of the Central Security Council for the protection of historical and cultural monuments of the republic in 1984 (headed by S. I. Adzhigaliev). Data on the history of the creation of the monument are not known. The monument characterizes one of the original directions of the school of architects of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.

Description and characteristics of the monument: A monument of complex composition, consisting of two main volumes: a hexagon with ledges at the corners and a five-chamber vestibule adjoining it from the south with an entrance from the back. The middle chamber is connected by a vaulted passage to the main hall. Initially, the chambers of the entrance corridor were covered with domes. The dome over the hall is of radial-wedge construction, faced with trapezoidal burnt bricks. The walls and structures of the mausoleum are composed of a combined masonry of burnt and adobe bricks, plastered with lime mortar in the interior. Traces of three burials have been preserved in the chamber, and a concrete kulpytas is installed outside the back wall. The top of the hexagon of the walls is decorated with belts of figuratively laid and curved bricks. Figured belts are also peculiar in the interior, complemented by ornamental and subject frescoes. The height of the mausoleum is 6.50 m; the distance between the opposite walls of the hexagon is 9.00 m; vestibule length (by external measurement) – 12.00 m.