Monument obelisk «Tuyetobe», installed for the victims of political repression 1930-1950 yy

Form of monument: Monumental art object

Date of monument: 1990

Location: Aktobe city, in 4 km to north-east from Sadovoye village

Brief description: The memorial sign consists of a stylobate, a pedestal and a monument.  The monument is a natural stone with the inscription «Give a bow to the innocent spirit», «To the victims of the repression of the 30-50s from the grateful descendants. Your death is innocent, your memory is everlasting».

Researches: according to historical data, more than 8 thousand people were repressed in Aktobe Oblast in the 1930s, more than 2 thousand of them were sentenced to death. The fact that they were shot and buried and some bodies were simply dropped into the pits around Tuyetobe became known only in 1987. The burial place was discovered by the archeological team of the History Department of the Pedagogical Institute, headed by Sergei Gutsalov, during the excavation of a burial mound along the Zhaman-Kargala River. During the spring flooding, human bones were found at the bottom of the pits. There were gunshot marks on the backs of all the human skulls.

Every year, on 31 May, the people of Aktobe meet on Tuyetobe Mountain, at the burial place, in order to commemorate the victims, praying.

Legend: every year on 31 May, the descendants of the victims of the repression come to Tuyetobe mountain. One of them, Zhazyk Primzhankyzy, regardless of her age, climbs the mountain by foot. When the old woman comes here, holding an armful the old and yellowed documents of her father, the tears well up her eyes. Primzhan Kudaibergenov was born in this region. His ancestors were famous people who were the leaders of the people. During the years of repression, Primzhan was arrested as a descendant of the biys. He was recognized as an enemy of the nation and was shot up in Tuyetobe in 1937. Being left without her father when she was only 1 year old, her grandmother Zhazyk still can’t look at Tuyetobe with dry eyes.

One of the tragic periods for the Kazakh people was the 30-50s. The nation, after surviving the years of famine, was subjected to repression. For this reason, this monument has special significance for the descendants of the independent country.